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Draft genome of Tanacetum cinerariifolium, the natural ...- definition of mosquito coil with citation number ,Dec 03, 2019·The natural source of the original mosquito coil was the flower head of pyrethrum (Tanacetum cinerariifolium), a perennial Asteraceae plant with a white daisy-like flower (Fig. 1A).Knowledge, attitudes and practices assessment of malaria ...Feb 12, 2020·Despite rapid upscale of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS), malaria remains a major source of morbidity and mortality in Zambia. Uptake and utilization of these and novel interventions are often affected by knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) amongst persons living in malaria-endemic areas. The aims of this study …



Health hazard of using mosquito repellent in Khulna city ...

Mosquito problem per se arises with diverse weather patterns. With regard to mosquito diseases, people intrinsically use repellents regardless of the harmful effect. The use of repellents like coil, spray, liquid vaporizer and mosquito cream triggers indoor congestion, and thereby respiratory diseases. Eventually, people have to bear high out-of-pocket costs.,This study has …

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Tolerance Thresholds for Aedes albopictus and Aedes ...

Sep 01, 2008·With nuisance mosquito species, the goal of integrated pest management is to keep mosquito density below a tolerance level that is often set by economic, ecological, and political factors. This study compares actual human annoyance, as measured by a phone survey, with several measures of mosquito abundance, in order to determine a threshold that is both …

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Mosquito - definition of mosquito by The Free Dictionary

Define mosquito. mosquito synonyms, mosquito pronunciation, mosquito translation, English dictionary definition of mosquito. n. pl. Mosquito or Mos·qui·tos See Miskito.

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CiteSeerX — CULICIDAE)

CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): Abstract-Mosquito coils with the active ingredient d-allethrin (0.2 % wlw), and d-trans allethrin (0.1% wlw) together with blank coils were tested in the laboratory against Aedes aegypti (Linn.) and Culex quinquefasciatus Say of different ages and physiological condition, using a test method of the …

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Application of mosquito repellent coils and associated ...

Feb 04, 2016·The use of mosquito coils has gained widespread patronage in malaria-endemic countries, even though it is not a recommended preventive measure for avoiding mosquitoes. Mosquito coils contain insecticides, which are expected to vaporize slowly once the coil is lit, to provide protection against the mosquito. The mosquito coil base material contains a variety …

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Mosquitoes | National Geographic

Beyond the nuisance factor, mosquitoes are carriers, or vectors, for some of humanity’s most deadly illnesses, and they are public enemy number …

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CiteSeerX — Research Commentary Octachlorodipropyl Ether ...

CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): Children and their parents in residences are often protected by insecticides from nuisance and diseasebearing mosquitoes. The annual worldwide consumption of the four major types of residential insecticide products—aerosols, mosquito coils, liquid vaporizers, and vaporizing mats—is in the billions …

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Malaria: prevention in travellers | The BMJ

Jul 15, 2000·Definition: Malaria is caused by a protozoan infection of red blood cells with one of four species of the genus plasmodium: P falciparum , P vivax , P ovale , or P malariae .1 Clinically, malaria may present in different ways, but it is usually characterised by fever (which may be swinging), tachycardia, rigors, and sweating. Anaemia, hepatosplenomegaly, cerebral …

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Ineffectiveness of mosquito coils in Kinshasa, Zaire ...

Toxic effects of mosquito coil (a mosquito repellent) smoke on rats. I. Properties of the mosquito coil and its smoke. Liu WK , Wong MH , Mui YL Toxicol Lett, (2-3):223-230 1987

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Evaluation of the acute toxicity of a mosquito coil based ...

Citation: Pierre M, Didier AA, Baptiste AAJ, et al. Evaluation of the acute toxicity of a mosquito coil based-meperfluthrin. MOJ Toxicol. 2017;3(7)167‒170. DOI: 10.15406/mojt.2017.03.00076 Figure 1 Mosquito coil. Dermal and ocular toxicity The evaluation of the primary dermal irritation was performed according to Draize scale.

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CN102578083A - Paper mosquito coil and preparation …

The invention discloses a paper mosquito coil and a preparation method thereof. The paper mosquito coil comprises a paper fragrant blank containing a mosquito repelling agent and a mosquito eradication agent, and comprises the following components in percentage by weight: 60 to 90 percent of waste paper, 0 to 25 percent of wood fiber, 8 to 33 percent of carbon …

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Investigatory Project Mosquito Repellent - PHDessay

Aug 06, 2016·Mosquito- a slender long-legged fly with aquatic larvae. The bite of the bloodsucking female can transmit a number of serious diseases including malaria and elephantiasis. Dengue- a debilitating viral disease of the tropics, transmitted by mosquitoes, and causing sudden fever and acute pains in the joints.

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Design and Fabrication of a Mosquito Repellent Coil …

The major active ingredients of the mosquito coil are pyrethrins, containing for about 0.3–0.4% of the repellent coil mass (Lukwa et al., 1998). The primary operation of a mosquito repellent coil making machine is the stamping operation as stated earlier.

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Investigatory Project Mosquito Repellent - PHDessay

Aug 06, 2016·Mosquito- a slender long-legged fly with aquatic larvae. The bite of the bloodsucking female can transmit a number of serious diseases including malaria and elephantiasis. Dengue- a debilitating viral disease of the tropics, transmitted by mosquitoes, and causing sudden fever and acute pains in the joints.

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Reckitt Benckiser (India) Ltd. v. State Of Andhra Pradesh ...

We hasten to add that insofar as Mortein mosquito repellents like coil, mat vapouriser and liquid vapouriser are concerned, they are liable to tax at 12.5% as found by ARA as well as STAT. In the result, for the reasons in the order, W.P Nos. 2652,18288 and 23875 of 2009, W.P Nos. 2408, 2443 and 7202 of 2010, W.P Nos. 143 and 145 of 2011 are ...

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Using charcoal as base material reduces mosquito coil ...

Apr 01, 2010·Mosquito coils are used to prevent mosquito exposures indoors by ∼2 billion people worldwide. However, the smoldering of organic matters used as base materials of mosquito coils emits particulate and gaseous toxic compounds. A previous study indicates that emission rates of toxic compounds depend on types of base materials and can be high …

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Research Article

biomass (mosquito coil base materials). Researchers have found that the gas phase of mosquito coil smoke contains some carbonyl compounds with properties that can produce strong irritating effects on the upper respira-tory tract—for example, formaldehyde and acetaldehyde (Chang and Lin 1998). Because coil consumers usually use mosquito coils for

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CHAPTER 1.docx - Natural Mosquito Coil made from Oregano ...

The output is a mosquito coil that is made from Oregano and Charcoal with Citronella Oil scent as a substitute to the usual chemicals used in mosquito coils. Testing the Oregano and Charcoal if it is effective enough to cast out mosquito away. And if the citronella oil is pleasing to the nose. Test for the significant differences of other type ...

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Mosquito coils....kills mosquitoes or us?

Mosquito coils may be more of a health hazard than a safeguard against the disease it is expected to protect us from. the inhalation of the air containing the chemicals from the …

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What Are Mosquito Coils and Do They Work? | INSECT COP

May 13, 2020·The Invention of Mosquito Coils. The use of mosquito coils as a method of repelling mosquitoes began in the last decade of the 19th century. A Japanese couple, Eiichiro and Yuki Ueyama, invented the first mosquito coil. They began by simply burning sticks made of pyrethrum powder and starch, but these sticks lasted less than an hour.

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Laboratory and semi-field evaluations of two ...

Jan 01, 2017·Mosquito Coils Mosquito coils are the most commonly used household insecticidal product in the world. (12) Avicor et al (13) conducted a laboratory evaluation of 3 commercial coil products for protection efficacy against An. gambiae Giles in southern Ghana.

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Use of Cooking Fuels and Cataract in a Population-Based ...

Dec 01, 2016·Mosquito coils and incense are also important sources of indoor naphthalene emissions and high levels have been shown in East Asian settings (Lin et al. 2008; Liu et al. 2003). No association of mosquito coils or incense with cataract was found in the two studies that investigated these exposures ( Pokhrel et al. 2005 , 2013 ).

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Investigatory Project Mosquito Repellent Example | GraduateWay

Jul 16, 2016·Definition of Terms Malaria- an intermittent and remittent fever caused by a protozoan parasite which invades the red blood cells and is transmitted by mosquitoes in many tropical and subtropical regions. Mosquito- a slender long-legged fly with aquatic larvae. The bite of the bloodsucking female can transmit a number of serious diseases ...

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Sequence-structure-function relations of the mosquito ...

Sep 30, 2010·Disease-vector mosquitoes transmit some of the most devastating diseases of humankind including malaria, dengue, and filariasis. The ability of different mosquito species to transmit these and other pathogens varies greatly and much of this variation in vectorial capacity can be attributed to the success or failure of the mosquito immune system to recognise and …

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Spatial application mosquito repellents Specification

4.1.5 The product shall be provided with a mosquito coil stand which shall be made of a thin metal plate or any other suitable non-inflammable material which is able to support a mosquito coil by itself. 4.1.6 The product shall be stable and shall not be easily toppled.

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A systematic review of mosquito coils and passive ...

Dec 07, 2012·The effect of smoke from mosquito coils on Anopheles gambiae Gillies and Mansonia uniformis (Theo.) in verandah-trap huts at Magugu, Tanzania. Bull Ent Res. 1971; 61:247–265. doi: 10.1017/S0007485300057771. [Google Scholar] Mosha WF, Njau RJA, Alfred J. Efficacy of esbiothrin mosquito coils at community level in nothern Tanzania.

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(PDF) Study of Citronella leaf based herbal mosquito ...

Download citation. Copy link Link copied. Citations (21) ... present day scenario with rising number of mosquito . ... For the preparation of mosquito repellent coils, different fillers can be ...

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ISPUB

Mosquito coils are widely used as mosquito repellent. The major active ingredients of most mosquito coils are pyrethrins, accounting for about 0.3 – 0.4% of the coil mass [1]. When a Mosquito coil is burnt, the insecticides evaporate (pyrethrin, PAH, aldehyde etc.) with smoke, which prevent the mosquito from entering the room and harm those ...

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Development of Herbal Mosquito Repellent Formulations ...

The major active ingredient of the mosquito coils is Pyrethrins, accounting for about 0.3-0.4% of coil mass. When a mosquito coil is burned, the insecticides evaporate with the smoke which will then prevent the mosquitoes from entering the room. However, many people dislike the smell of the mosquito coils when they are burnt as people feel that ...

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Mosquito coils limiting extinguishing means - Abstract ...

Nov 03, 2003·A complete mosquito coil product can better be sheathed in a hollow cuboid folded from the sheet which can cover over the upper side and both sides of the mosquito coil to get better effect. The utility model makes the mosquito coil burn according to a set length or time by people, brings rational use, saves the mosquito coil, and avoids hidden ...

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The assessment of risk factors for the Central/East ...

May 08, 2013·Mosquito coil insecticide used shown to be significantly as a protective factor. Mosquito coil insecticide was commonly used by community either inside or outside the house. The reasons why mosquito coil insecticide is commonly used because it produces smoke which keep away the adult mosquitoes.

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